IAMHIST Online: Media Histories of the First World War

The first instalment of the ‘IAMHIST Online’ series, ‘Media Histories of World War I’, hosted by Leen Engelen (IAMHIST President) and Brett Bowles (Associate Editor of the Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television).

Part 1 of this event includes Emma Hanna (University of Kent) discussing her research on the musical cultures of the British armed forces during the Great War. Emma is the author of Sounds of War: Music in the British Armed Forces During the Great War (Cambridge University Press, 2020).

Part 2 of this event includes Veronica Johnson (National University of Ireland, Galway) discussing her research on how Ireland’s distinctive position on the edge of Europe and in the centre of Empire influences filmmaking and film consumption during the Great War. Veronica’s research centres on early and silent cinema with a focus on The Film Company of Ireland (1916-1920).

Part 3 of this event includes Jason Bate (Falmouth University) discussing the projection services of the Royal Society of Medicine and Ministry of Pensions in the Great War. Jason’s research explores photographic and lantern practices of the First World War, focusing in particular on the significance that photographers’ interactions with other media and technologies had on the production of ways of recovering from the war.

Call for Papers: MEDIA IN WORLD WAR TWO

Online Media and History Seminar:

MEDIA IN WORLD WAR TWO

 Monday, 19 April 2021, 16.30-18.00 (Central European Time)


Are you working on World War Two cinema or radio? Are you working on other audio-visual media from 1939 to 1945 for an essay, a thesis or a PhD? Are you interested in presenting your project to a small group of experts and peers?

This seminar, organised by Prof. Tobias Hochscherf and Prof. Roel Vande Winkel, invites contributions from persons who do research about audio-visual (or other) media in the Second World War.​ Participants are expected to give a short introduction (5 minutes) to their project and to prepare some central questions for discussion. The other participants will engage with your project and discuss sources and strategies for developing it further.

To apply for this event (to present or to attend) please fill out this short online form no later than Friday April 9. You will receive an invitation to the Zoom meeting (to attend or to present) no later than Friday April 16.

IAMHIST Online Seminars

In 2021 IAMHIST will be organising a series of online media history seminars. These seminars are informal online events enabling early career as well as advanced scholars to share and discuss their research and expertise. The seminars will take place via Zoom and after registration are open to all free of charge. Links to register for individual seminars will be circulated a month prior to the event date via Eventbrite. Please follow IAMHIST on Twitter, Facebook and/or join our mailing list to receive regular updates and registration links for these events.

Media Histories of World War I

24 March 2021, 17.00-19.00 CET

Hosted by Brett Bowles and Leen Engelen

Event registration link: IAMHIST Online: Media Histories of the First World War Tickets, Wed, Mar 24, 2021 at 5:00 PM | Eventbrite

The first instalment of the series will have ‘Media Histories of World War I’ as its topic. The Great War has been described by scholars as a “matrix of modern media” (Joëlle Beurier, 2005) that played an unprecedented role in both entertaining and informing wartime audiences, from soldiers at the front lines to civilians on the home front. Photographs and drawings reproduced in the press and on postcards, fiction films and newsreels, magic lantern slides, illustrated mural posters, and musical recordings were all eagerly consumed by audiences worldwide and significantly shaped how contemporaries understood and experienced the war, both affectively and ideologically.

Three speakers will be discussing the use of mass media during the war. They will focus on cinema, music and lantern slides respectively.

Speakers:

Emma Hanna – Sounds of War: Music in the British Armed Forces During the Great War.

Comparatively little is known about the musical cultures of the British armed forces during the Great War. In this paper, Emma Hanna will examine music’s vital presence in a range of military contexts including military camps, ships, aerodromes and battlefields, canteen huts, hospitals and PoW camps. She will show that music was omnipresent in servicemen’s wartime existence and was a vital element for the maintenance of morale, how music was utilised to stimulate recruitment and fundraising, for diplomatic and propaganda purposes, and for religious, educational, and therapeutic reasons. Music was not in any way ephemeral, it was unmatched in its power to cajole, console, cheer and inspire during the conflict and its aftermath, and Emma Hanna will show that music is a vital element in our understanding of the wartime realities in the British armed forces during the Great War.

Emma Hanna is a Lecturer in the School of History, University of Kent. She is the author of The Great War on the Small Screen: Representing the First World War in Contemporary Britain (Edinburgh University Press, 2009) and Sounds of War: Music in the British Armed Forces During the Great War (Cambridge University Press, 2020), and a Co-Investigator on two major research projects: Gateways to the First World War (AHRC, 2014-2019) and Reflections on the Centenary of the First World War: Learning & Legacies for the Future (AHRC, 2017-2020).

Veronica Johnson – “Making films in World War One: the Irish experience”

In 1914 Ireland on the edge of Europe is apart from the war – battles are never fought on Irish soil, the focus in the country is on domestic affairs and cultural revival. At the same time is is a part of the conflict – Irish men sign up to join the British Army and fight in the Great War, Dublin is a major city in the British Empire, the focal point of British rule in Ireland. This distinctive position of being on the edge of Europe and in the centre of Empire gives Ireland a unique experience of filmmaking and film consumption during World War One. Filmmaking leans towards representing Ireland on the edge of Europe as a romantic and historical place. The cinema landscape in Ireland reflected the war, war films were screened and commented upon in the newspapers, Irish involvement in the war was emphasised. This presentation examines how Ireland’s distinctive position on the edge of Europe and in the centre of Empire influences filmmaking and film consumption during the Great War.

Veronica Johnson teaches film studies at the National University of Ireland, Galway. Her research centres on early and silent cinema with a focus on The Film Company of Ireland (1916-1920)

Jason Bate – “Rebuilding ex-servicemen with the lantern: the Royal Society of Medicine and the Pensions Ministry, 1914-1919”

This paper revisits the projection services of the Royal Society of Medicine and Ministry of Pensions in First World War Britain. I consider the government’s rehabilitation schemes for disabled ex-servicemen and the community participations they fostered, which raised sensitivity to local concerns and unleashed expectations about collective sentiment and intensified discussion about the employability of war pensioners. I argue that more can be said about the relationship and intersections between photography, the magic lantern and cinematography as integrated fields of technologies, systems, and artefacts. Finally, I consider a theoretical question about the relationship between old and new technologies and their connections to both continuity and rupture in media change.

Jason Bate is a lecturer in the practices and histories of photography at Falmouth University, UK. His current research explores photographic and lantern practices of the First World War, focusing in particular on the significance that photographers’ interactions with other media and technologies had on the production of ways of recovering from the war. He has published in titles including Visual Culture of Britain, History and Technology, Social History of Medicine, and Science Museum Group Journal. 

The seminar is moderated by Brett Bowles (Indiana University) and Leen Engelen (LUCA School of Arts & University of Antwerp).


Upcoming seminars:

Media in World War II 

April 19 2021, 16.30-18.00 CET

Hosted by Tobias Hochscherf and Roel Vande Winkel

Are you working on World War Two cinema or radio? Are you working on other audiovisual media from 1939 to 1945 for an essay, a thesis or a PhD? This seminar, organised by Tobias Hochscherf and Roel Vande Winkel, invites contributions from persons who do research about audio-visual (or other) media in the Second World War.​ If you would like to participate, please visit here for details on how to submit a proposal or attend the event: Call for Papers: MEDIA IN WORLD WAR TWO | (iamhist.net).

Publication Workshop

2 July 2021, 14.00-16.00 BST

Hosted by Llewella Chapman

Hosted by Llewella Chapman (University of East Anglia), IAMHIST’s Blog Editor, this publication workshop offers postgraduates, PhD students and Early Career Researchers (ECRs) the opportunity to join commissioning editors from different publishing houses, Maryse Elliot (Amsterdam University Press), Rebecca Barden (Bloomsbury) and Matthew Frost (Manchester University Press), alongside Ciara Chambers and James Chapman (book reviews editor and editor of the Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television) to discuss different publication avenues for their research.


IAMHIST Master class on Media and History

September 2021, date and time TBC

Hosted by Tobias Hochscherf and Katharina Niemeyer

Details to follow.

Make Film History: Opening up the Archives to Young Filmmakers

October 2021, date and time TBC

Hosted by Ciara Chambers

Ciara Chambers (University College Cork) and Shane O’Sullivan (Kingston University, London) will discuss the Make Film History project, which is developing a new, sustainable model for the creative reuse of archive material for non-commercial use by young filmmakers, supported by the project partners, the British Film Institute (BFI), BBC Archive Editorial, the Irish Film Institute and Northern Ireland Screen. They will be joined by a filmmaker to discuss the ethics and challenges of creative reuse of archival material in both mainstream and independent cinema.

Dressing the Media: Materials and Methods for Studying Screen Costume

15 October 2021, 12.00-15.00 BST

           Hosted by Melanie Bell and Llewella Chapman

Since the 1990 publication of Jane Gaines and Charlotte Herzog’s path-breaking Fabrications, the study of costume design for film and television has become well-established in the academy. Scholars have published an impressive body of research on fashion on screen, the costume design process, and the labour and professional identities of costume designers, much of this situated in the wider context of media histories and production studies. This workshop provides an opportunity to hear the latest research from scholars (both early career and established) working in the field of screen costume, to share ideas, reflect on methodologies and archival sources for the research and teaching of costume for the screen. An online workshop, co-organised and hosted by Melanie Bell (University of Leeds) and Llewella Chapman (University of East Anglia).

Key words:

Costume, fashion, design, history, archives, gender, feminist media histories, film, television, on-screen media

Confirmed speakers: Professor Sarah Street (University of Bristol), Dr Elizabeth Castaldo Lundèn (Stockholm University), Dr Helen Warner (University of East Anglia) and Vicky Haddock (Costume Curator and Collections Care, Zenzie Tinker Textile Conservation).


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